The Essentials

Macedonia Country & The Essentials Tourist Information

Macedonia is a country worth to visit, so please don’t hesitate to come!

Macedonia; southeastern Europe.

Terrain in Macedonia
Mountainous territory covered with deep basins and valleys; three large lakes (Ohrid, Prespa and Dojran), each divided by a frontier line; country bisected by the Vardar River.
lowest point: Vardar River 44 m
highest point: Golem Korab 2.764 m

25,713 sq km (9928 sq miles).
The Macedonia is only one of three areas of the historical region of ‘Macedonia’, which includes Pirin Macedonia (Bulgaria) and Aegean Macedonia (Greece), with a total area of 66,600 sq km (25,700 sq miles), most of which is in Greece. In deference to Greek sensibilities, the United Nations and other international organizations have formally recognized Macedonia under the interim name of ‘The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia’; however this is gradually reverting to ‘The Republic of Macedonia’.


Get around

By CarBy TrainBy Taxi
If travelling by car, be sure your tires are good enough. Especially in spring and autumn, weather in the mountains (Ohrid, Bitola) can differ significantly from the weather in the area you’re coming from. You shall be aware, that even if the roads are bad, there is a toll charge which can be as much as 1,50 EUR for 20 kms bad road (Eg from Kumanovo to Skopje).



National trains are slow, but they are nonetheless a nice alternative to hot, crowded buses in the summer. The main train line runs from Skopje to Bitola and Skopje to Gevgelia. No trains run to Ohrid.




Taxis are perhaps the most common mode of transport in Macedonia amongst tourists. Most will usually charge a flat rate of 30 denars (in Skopje 50 denars) with the extra kilometres added on. Be careful when negotiating the price of the fare beforehand. Within city limits, prices over 100 denars are considered expensive even though the amount only converts to a few American dollars. Macedonian urban cities are much smaller in comparison to most western developed countries and would only take approximately 10-15 minutes to travel from one side of the city to the other by car. In Skopje, the capital and largest city, this should work out to an amount of about 100-150 denars.

A general exception to this rule is during peak tourist seasons particularly in the town of Ohrid. The summer months are the most profitable for many small businesses in Ohrid (and for some businesses, the only profitable months) including taxi drivers. For this reason many drivers will charge up to three times the flat rate for the same distance. Most taxis will insist on driving for no less than 100 denars which can be heard as “sto denari” or a “stotka” (slang term for a one hundred denar bill). Generally this is excessive but you can either negotiate the price down to 80 or even 70 denars to be reasonable, else simple bargain hunting is all that is required. During the peak seasons it is possible to find drivers willing to go as low as 40. Never feel pressured to take a taxi that seems overpriced.



PopulationPopulation DensityCapitalMacedonian national anthemRepublic of Macedonia establishmentMembership of MacedoniaGovernmentLanguageReligionTimeElectricityTelephoneMobile TelephoneInternetMediaPostPressRadio
2 million (official estimate 2002).
79.7 per sq km.
Population: 467,257 (2002).
Today over MacedoniaDenes nad MakedonijaДенес над Македонија
The song which was later chosen to be the National Anthem of Macedona, was composed by Todor Skalovski and the lyrics were written by Vlado Maleski in 1943.
August 2th 1944 (As a federal republic in Yugoslavia).
Proclamation of independence of Macedonia
September 8th 1991 (Yugoslavia’s fall apart).
United Nations – since April 8th 1993;
World Trade Organisation – since April 4th 2003;
NATO – gained invitation on April 3th 2008. Not admitted due to the Greek veto;
EU – awaiting invitation;
Republic since 1991. Gained independence from Yugoslavia in 1991.
Head of State: President Gorgi Ivanov since 2009.
Head of Government : Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski since 2006.
Recent history: Vlado Buckovski’s Social Democrat coalition was beaten by the opposition party VMRO-DPMNE in the July 2006 elections. VMRO-DPMNE is led by Nikola Gruevski, a former finance minister. Macedonia was awarded EU candidate status in December 2005. The Macedonian parliament approved a new government proposed by Gruevski on 26 August 2006.
Macedonian (a slavonic language using the Cyrillic script) is the most widely used language. Turkish and Serbo-Croat are also used by ethnic groups. English, French and German are widely spoken.
67 per cent of the population are Eastern Orthodox Macedonians and around 23 per cent are Muslim. There are also Muslim Turks and Serbian Orthodox minorities. As elsewhere in the former Yugoslav federation, local politics are now strongly divided along national religious lines.
GMT + 1 (GMT + 2 from last Sunday in March to last Sunday in October).
220 volts AC, 50Hz.
Country code: 389. All telecommunications services are generally working normally.
Roaming agreements exist with most international mobile phone companies. Coverage is mostly good.
There are a few Internet cafes in the main towns.
The constitution guarantees freedom of speech.
Services work normally.
• The main daily newspapers are Dnevnik, Nova Makedonija, Vreme and Vecer (an evening paper).
• Weekly papers include Fokus and Puls.
• The Macedonian Times comes out monthly in English and Macedonian.
• Radio Macedonian is state owned.
• Kanal 77 and Antenna 5 are private stations.


Below are listed Public Holidays for the January 2016-December 2017 period.

Public Holidays 2016

Macedonia is a paradise of sun 2016 1 Jan   New Year’s Day.
6-7 Jan   Orthodox Christmas.
8 Mar   International Women’s Day.
9 Apr   Orthodox Easter Monday.
1 May   May Day.
2 Aug   Ilinden (National Holiday).
8 Sep   Independence Day.

Public Holidays 2017

2017 1 Jan   New Year’s Day.
6-7 Jan   Orthodox Christmas.
8 Mar   International Women’s Day.
28 Apr   Orthodox Easter Monday.
1 May   May Day.
2 Aug   Ilinden (National Holiday).
8 Sep   Independence Day.


Places in Macedonia

Macedonia A–Z

Bitola & Pelister National Park

Mavrovo National Park


Southern Macedonia
Sveti Naum

Western Macedonia


Macedonians are very proud to say:

1. Macedonia is the birthplace of Cyrillic script and cradle of the Slavic culture; and
2. Macedonia is the world’s first wireless internet country that has coverage of 95%.

Saint Clement and Saint Naum developed the Cyrillic alphabet and founded the first Slavic University in the world holding at a period 3,500 students; while (a local ISP) developed the internet usage and made Macedonia to be the first country in the world with complete wireless broadband coverage with 95% of the population covered.


We just wish you a happy surfing time and please do keep checking back, because our Guide Macedonia website has more informations from day to day.